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قراءات اثرية

May 25, 2012

وكالة نفيسة البيضاء

·         name          :  Nafisa al Bayda Sabil, Wakala-Sabil-Kuttab

·         location     : it is located in  al-Sukariyya next to Bab

                                             Zuwayla , cairo , Egypt .

·         Builder          :   Nafisa al Bayda .

·           Date             :    1796 .

·         Style/Period   :           Ottoman  .

·         Building Usage:          wikala, sabil-kuttab, sabil  .

·         main information :

·        Of this building, only the façade, whith its elegant bank of upper-story mashrabiya windows, is still impressive. At the southern end, near Bab Zuwayla, is the sabil-kuttab. At the northern end, next to a jeweler’s shop, is the entrance to a men’s bath, which is still in operation. Nafisa al-Bayda (‘the white one’) started her career as a slave. Nafisa was a woman of beauty, wealth, charity, and great culture. She is the only female patron to have a monument survive on the main ceremonial way of al-Qahira.

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مسجد الجمعه باصفهان

·         name          :  Friday Mosque of Isfahan.

·         location     : Isfahan, Iran.

·           Date         :    23 H  and renewed at 5 century .

·         Builder     :   malik shah .

·        Style/Period :         Buyid , Seljuk , Safavid .

·        Building Usage:      madrasa, mosque .

·        main information  :

·         the Friday mosque of Isfahan is a prominent architectural expression of the Seljuk rule in Persia (1038-1118).

·        Consequently, the mosque’s plan

evolved from a hypostyle plan with a

rectangular inner court (65 by 55

meters) surrounded by prayer halls

comprised of round columns carrying a

wooden roof (7 bays on the southwest;

3 bays on the southeast and northwest;

5 bays on the northeast), to a four-iwan

plan established/augmented in the

twelfth century after the additions of

the four iwans, the southern

(southwest) domed chamber, the two

minarets flanking it, and the northern

domed chamber. Especially noticeable

of all

the later reconstructions and additions

to the mosque is the double-story

arcade surrounding the court (added

around 1447), supplanting the original

one-story arcade and unifying the

elements of the court leading to the

various spaces of the mosque.


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جسر خاجو باصفهان

·          Name     :                Khaju Bridge

·         Location :     Isfahan, Iran

·         Builder    :     Shah Abbas II

·         Date            :         1650           Century        17th

·         Style/Period Safavid

·         main information :

·         Built by Shah Abbas II on the foundations of an older bridge, the Khwaju bridge links the Khwaju quarter on the north bank with the Zoroastrian quarter across the Zayandeh River. It also functions as a weir; the downstream side is formed as a series of steps carrying the water to a much lower level.

·         On the upper level of the bridge the main central aisle was utilized by horses and carts and the vaulted paths on either side by pedestrians. Octagonal pavilions in the center of the bridge on both the down and the upstream sides provide vantage points for the remarkable views. The lower level of the bridge may be accessed by pedestrians and remains a popular shady place for relaxing.

·       

 

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جامع النصراتية باستانبول

·          Name       :    Nusretiye mosque .

·         Location       :        Istanbul, Turkey

·         Builder      :   Mahmud II

·         Date             :    1823-1826       Century   19th

·         Architect/Planner   Krikor Amira Balyan

·         Style/Period Ottoman

·         Building Usage       barracks, mosque, sabil

· 

        main information :

·         The Nusretiye Mosque was

erected between 1823 and 1826 by

Mahmud II . In style, the mosque

signifies a transition from Ottoman

baroque to empire style. The mosque

was named Nusretiye or Victory, in

celebration of the sultan’s recent

abolition of the rebellious janissary

troops in favor of a new western-style

army — an event known in Ottoman

history as Vaka-i Hayriye or the

auspicious event.

Only the mosque, the clock tower and the Tophane kiosk have survived the mid 1950s urban renewal and

highway construction programs. The

mosque stands today having lost its

historical context and connection

with the water. It was restored

between 1955 and 1958, and again in

1980 and 1992.

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حديقة باغ فى

Variant Names

Fin Garden, Bagh-i Fin

Location

Kashan, Iran

Date

1590

Style/Period

Qajar, Safavid

Century

16th

Building Types

landscape, waterworks

Building Usage

garden, qanat

The six and a half acre garden in

Fin, a suburb outside Kashan,

captures the Soleimaniyeh spring

and directs it into a geometric

layout of watercourses and pools,

framing various small buildings

and garden plots. Although a

garden was in place much earlier,

the standing buildings are from the

Safavid and Qajar periods. Safavid

constructions include the exterior

wall and monumental entrance

portal, the central pavilion, and a

small bathhouse – famed as the

site of Amir Kabir’s murder. A

larger bathhouse and a library

were built during the Qajar period.

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اعداد: محمود جمعه

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