وكالة نفيسة البيضاء
· name : Nafisa al Bayda Sabil, Wakala-Sabil-Kuttab
· location : it is located in al-Sukariyya next to Bab
Zuwayla , cairo , Egypt .
· Builder : Nafisa al Bayda .
· Date : 1796 .
· Style/Period : Ottoman .
· Building Usage: wikala, sabil-kuttab, sabil .
· main information :
· Of this building, only the façade, whith its elegant bank of upper-story mashrabiya windows, is still impressive. At the southern end, near Bab Zuwayla, is the sabil-kuttab. At the northern end, next to a jeweler’s shop, is the entrance to a men’s bath, which is still in operation. Nafisa al-Bayda (‘the white one’) started her career as a slave. Nafisa was a woman of beauty, wealth, charity, and great culture. She is the only female patron to have a monument survive on the main ceremonial way of al-Qahira.
مسجد الجمعه باصفهان
· name : Friday Mosque of Isfahan.
· location : Isfahan, Iran.
· Date : 23 H and renewed at 5 century .
· Builder : malik shah .
· Style/Period : Buyid , Seljuk , Safavid .
· Building Usage: madrasa, mosque .
· main information :
· the Friday mosque of Isfahan is a prominent architectural expression of the Seljuk rule in Persia (1038-1118).
· Consequently, the mosque’s plan
evolved from a hypostyle plan with a
rectangular inner court (65 by 55
meters) surrounded by prayer halls
comprised of round columns carrying a
wooden roof (7 bays on the southwest;
3 bays on the southeast and northwest;
5 bays on the northeast), to a four-iwan
plan established/augmented in the
twelfth century after the additions of
the four iwans, the southern
(southwest) domed chamber, the two
minarets flanking it, and the northern
domed chamber. Especially noticeable
the later reconstructions and additions
to the mosque is the double-story
arcade surrounding the court (added
around 1447), supplanting the original
one-story arcade and unifying the
elements of the court leading to the
various spaces of the mosque.
جسر خاجو باصفهان
· Name : Khaju Bridge
· Location : Isfahan, Iran
· Builder : Shah Abbas II
· Date : 1650 Century 17th
· Style/Period Safavid
· main information :
· Built by Shah Abbas II on the foundations of an older bridge, the Khwaju bridge links the Khwaju quarter on the north bank with the Zoroastrian quarter across the Zayandeh River. It also functions as a weir; the downstream side is formed as a series of steps carrying the water to a much lower level.
· On the upper level of the bridge the main central aisle was utilized by horses and carts and the vaulted paths on either side by pedestrians. Octagonal pavilions in the center of the bridge on both the down and the upstream sides provide vantage points for the remarkable views. The lower level of the bridge may be accessed by pedestrians and remains a popular shady place for relaxing.
جامع النصراتية باستانبول
· Name : Nusretiye mosque .
· Location : Istanbul, Turkey
· Builder : Mahmud II
· Date : 1823-1826 Century 19th
· Architect/Planner Krikor Amira Balyan
· Style/Period Ottoman
· Building Usage barracks, mosque, sabil
main information :
· The Nusretiye Mosque was
erected between 1823 and 1826 by
Mahmud II . In style, the mosque
signifies a transition from Ottoman
baroque to empire style. The mosque
was named Nusretiye or Victory, in
celebration of the sultan’s recent
abolition of the rebellious janissary
troops in favor of a new western-style
army — an event known in Ottoman
history as Vaka-i Hayriye or the
Only the mosque, the clock tower and the Tophane kiosk have survived the mid 1950s urban renewal and
highway construction programs. The
mosque stands today having lost its
historical context and connection
with the water. It was restored
between 1955 and 1958, and again in
1980 and 1992.
حديقة باغ فى
Fin Garden, Bagh-i Fin
The six and a half acre garden in
Fin, a suburb outside Kashan,
captures the Soleimaniyeh spring
and directs it into a geometric
layout of watercourses and pools,
framing various small buildings
and garden plots. Although a
garden was in place much earlier,
the standing buildings are from the
Safavid and Qajar periods. Safavid
constructions include the exterior
wall and monumental entrance
portal, the central pavilion, and a
small bathhouse – famed as the
site of Amir Kabir’s murder. A
larger bathhouse and a library
were built during the Qajar period.
اعداد: محمود جمعه